These are external links and will open in a new window. The turban is worn by millions of Sikhs - traditionally, mostly male ones. Now many Sikh women are donning it, too. Devinder is in her early 40s. She's a slender, tall British-Indian Sikh woman.
3,761 Punjabi Girls Images stock pictures and images
Picture of semi-naked women in Jallianwala Bagh gallery riles many : The Tribune India
It was the biggest mass migration in the world of about 12 million people, with around 1 million dying in the process. About 75, women were thought to have been raped, abducted or killed during the whole ordeal. It was also recorded widely in both the Indian and international media, the celebratory news of independence as well as the horrors of partition. It was after the anti-Sikh riots that scholars and women activists started looking into the human suffering during the partition, and the harrowing experiences of women came to light. Of the 12 million migrations, 10 million were from the Punjab region. Moreover, both the governments could not have anticipated the escalation of communal violence to such degree, that it lasted from March to November
Described as an exploratory study, it looks at reported cases of abuse against Sikh girls - of Indian background - dating back to the s. In many cases, according to the report, the men would groom a girl before passing her round to other members of their family. Labour MP Sarah Champion demanded an investigation by saying, "I was shocked when I first heard about the organized abuse of Sikh girls by mostly Pakistani men'.
Two different terms for the same episode - the Army action on the Golden Temple in June Two different meanings give to the same unprecedented event. Where as "Ghallughara" is how the Sikhs of Punjab remember the episode, connoting aggression, massacre and religious persecution. The unmistakable allusion is to the killing in Punjab of tens of thousands of Sikhs by the Afgan raider, Ahmed Shah Abdali in , after which the word "Ghallughara" was coined to become an integral part of the Punjabi folklore.